National Education Policy 2020

Union Cabinet has approved National Education Policy 2020, paving way for transformational reforms in school and higher education sector in the country

Key points:

  1. New Policy aims for Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % GER in school education by 2030 ; GER in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035
  2. NEP 2020 will bring back 2 crore out of school children into the main stream and add 3.5 crore new seats in higher education
  3. New 5+3+3+4 school curriculum with 12 years of schooling and 3 years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling
  4. Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no hard separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in school
  5. Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes
  6. Higher Education curriculum to have Flexibility of Subjects
  7. Multiple Entry / Exit, and transfer of credit through an Academic Bank of Credits
  8. Affiliation System to be phased out in 15 years with graded autonomy to colleges
  9. Light but Tight Regulation of Higher education, single regulator
  10. National Research Foundation to be established to foster a strong research culture
  11. increased use of technology with equity; National Educational Technology Forum to be created
  12. New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and HEs; Teaching upto at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language ; National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit , Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up
  13. NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups
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